Nowadays, people tend to think of militiamen and citizen’s militias and the like as a peculiarly American phenomenon, but that’s not really historically accurate. The whole apparatus of the citizen’s muster rolls was imported from England, actually, and can be found in Upper Canada from a relatively early phase.
Despite certain exemptions and omissions, the resulting returns constitute the closest thing to a province-wide census that survives for a genealogically difficult period, coming midway between the Loyalist influx of the 1780s and the first fully nominal census in 1852. As well as the old population, largely of American origin, it includes the names of those who arrived from Britain during the first dozen years of the post-1815 wave of settlement.*
|457||KILLEEN, Denis||39||Served 97th Reg’t|
James Moran (born in Ireland about 1798, county unknown) and Denis Killeen (born about 1784 in the parish of Meelick, East Galway) are both my gr-gr-great-grandfathers. Patt Lahy/Lahey is an older brother of my gr-gr-great-grandfather James Lahey (born about 1799 in Ballymacegan, Lorrha, Co. Tipperary). The Laheys emigrated from Tipperary in the 1820s and early 1830s, with two brothers, John (sometimes known as John Lahy the Elder) and Patrick (Patt), arriving in 1824, and six more siblings coming to Canada by 1834. I’m not yet sure about Francis, his name was new to me when I encountered it on the muster rolls.